The Business Society: Ethics in the Classroom and Workplace … what would you do?


– Good afternoon, ladies
and gentlemen, how are you? Is that too loud? I feel like, ugh, anyway,
apologize if it’s too loud. Welcome, my name is Professor Kasomenakis, I’m the business coordinator
the Business Society and I also teach here at Queensborough, those of you who don’t know me. So I’m glad that you can all attend. Before we start the meeting I just have just one announcement to make. We’re gonna have another
meeting and a final one for the semester on email etiquette. And right on the board,
hopefully you can see it, is our website; you can
reserve under Reservations for next month’s meeting. And that’s gonna be held on
April 24th at one o’clock in the same room and the same time, so I hope you can make it. It’s a really interesting meeting. We had the speaker come
again ’cause he was so great. So basically he’s gonna be talking about the proper email practices and protocol. So I hope you can attend; you’ll get a lot of value out of it. All right, so it brings me great pleasure right now to introduce to you
Professor Christina Manzo. She is an accounting
professor at Queensborough Community College; she
teaches the introductory and advanced courses in accounting. And before she came to Queensborough she was an administrator at your college, I believe, right? – [Christina] Bursar. – Bursar, and she also
had quite an extensive work experience in the
banking industry as well. So it brings me great, great pleasure to introduce to you again Christina Manzo. Let’s give her a nice
round hand of applause (audience applauds)
to welcome her and for taking the time to be here to talk to you about ethics in the workplace
and in the classroom. – Okay, so I’d like to
welcome everybody here. As Professor Kasomenakis said,
my name is Christina Manzo. I teach accounting here at Queensborough. And I’m gonna talk to
you a little bit today about ethics in the classroom. We were supposed to have
another guest speaker, which was gonna be my brother, and he was gonna talk
about business ethics, but unfortunately he
couldn’t make it here today so I’m just gonna do my piece
and talk a little tiny piece about business ethics,
but I’ll mainly talk about ethics in the classroom. Okay, so what we’re gonna
discuss or talk about today, we’re gonna first talk about, define what academic integrity is. When we talk about ethics,
we’re really talking about what we call academic integrity. So first we’re gonna
define academic integrity, then we’re going to see why it’s important for us to have academic integrity. Then we’ll talk about academic dishonesty. We’ll really look at some examples of academic dishonesty so we make sure that we don’t make those dishonest habits that we shouldn’t have. And then we’ll look at
some proactive strategies so that you can avoid
being accused of any type of academic dishonesty. And then we’ll look at the consequences basically of dishonesty. Okay, so let’s first talk
about what academic integrity, what it is and what it’s all about. So we wanna talk about
it from the perspective of a classroom and why are all you guys enrolled at Queensborough? Can somebody tell me? Why do you go to Queensborough? I hope you have some reason
for being here, don’t you? Can somebody tell me why are
you enrolled at Queensborough? What’s the outcome that you want or what’s your purpose of being here? Nobody has an opinion? Daniel, can you tell me, why are you here? Not here but why you’re in Queensborough? ‘Cause it was cheaper? Okay, okay. Okay, that’s a good reason. Yeah, yeah? Okay, the school accepted you. Okay, but what’s your purpose? Why did you wanna go to school, or why did you wanna go
to the cheapest school? Huh? I heard something. To get an education, right? You wanted to get an education, you wanted to learn something. Okay, so that’s the main
reason that you come here. So what you wanna do to learn something. You come to a class and
you sit in the classroom, and your instructor teaches
you something in the classroom. And then usually what
the instructor will do, they’ll give you something,
like an assignment, an assignment maybe to
do a homework assignment, maybe to do a research
paper, or they may even give you a test,
basically, to see how much you understood what they taught you, okay? That’s what the basic is there. So then, my role as your instructor, my role then is to take whatever you give to me, and I
have to grade it, right? So I look at it, and my
grading is really going to be based upon how much you understood what I taught to you, okay? Or what your level of
understanding was going to be. And then what’s going
to happen is if what? If you can show me full
understanding, I’ll give you an A. Okay, if you show me maybe
partial understanding, you may get maybe a B. You don’t show me any
understanding whatsoever, you may get an F. Okay, but that’s what
takes place in a classroom. That’s all the things that’s taking place in the classroom is basically
I’m giving you information and I’m testing you to
see what you’ve gotten from that information, what is
your level of understanding? Okay, so when I grade it, when I look to see your level of understanding, I base it upon five fundamental values. Okay, and these are the
values of academic integrity. So the first thing is
I base it upon trust. Okay, so my first value
is going to be trust. And what’s gonna happen here is that, if you think about it,
in any human relationship that there is, there
always has to be some level of trust, okay, ’cause
you don’t really wanna be associated with somebody if
you can’t trust that person. So we wanna first start off with trust. And trust is really going to
be a mutual exchange, okay? I trust you; you should trust me. So from my perspective,
I’m looking at your work. I’m trusting that you’re
giving me the work that you actually did, okay? And you’re demonstrating
to me what’s your level of learning that’s going
to be involved here. On the same level of trust, we’re also looking for honesty, right? So if somebody is not honest with you, you’re not gonna wanna
trust that person, right? So I also wanna look
for a level of honesty when I’m looking at your work. So we want what? Honesty in our learning. We want honesty in
teaching, and we also want honesty in our research. Okay, another value that we’re looking for is fairness, okay? We want everything more
or less to be fair. So if you’re all sitting
in the same classroom, you’ve all learned the same topic, okay? We all are on the same fair level of what it is that we’re learning, okay. So we want there to be fairness, so again, when we start
looking at other areas of academic integrity, if
somebody maybe is cheating, or maybe somebody is submitting something that’s not their own,
that fairness is no longer going to be there, okay? So we also wanna have some
sort of fairness involved. And then, of course, we
want to have respect, okay? So there should be respect
where you should have respect for others and you should also
have respect for yourself. Okay, and that will be
demonstrated, of course, within a classroom, within
a classroom setting. And then, of course, there
is responsibility, okay? So we wanna have some
sort of responsibility where basically you’re responsible for doing what you think or
what you know is right, okay? So you wanna have that
type of responsibility. So, when we talk about academic integrity it’s really going to be
based upon these five values. So now that we understand
what academic integrity is, let’s just first look at
what would be some sort of, what some violations
of academic integrity because you wanna make sure that you don’t violate academic integrity. So, going to our academic integrity policy at Queensborough, and if
you’re not aware of it, if you go onto the website, Queensborough has an academic integrity policy, and if you look on there they list some of the violations of
academic integrity, okay? So one of the first ones
they always talk about is plagiarism, okay? Does anyone know what plagiarism is? Very good, right, so it’s
taking somebody else’s words, somebody else’s work,
somebody else’s theories, and presenting it as
if it’s your own, okay? So that’s not something
you’re supposed to do, okay? So what you’re really
supposed to do if you can, of course, if you’re
doing a research project or something, yes, you’re
gonna do your research, you’re gonna be reading
up on a specific topic. Yes, you do wanna look
at other people’s ideas and maybe help you to formulate your idea, or maybe you can even borrow
it, but you have to indicate where you got this information from, okay? So what we call that is you
need to cite your information so that people will know where
that is coming from, okay? So you don’t wanna copy
somebody else’s information and attempt to present it as your own. And if you do copy somebody else’s and you’re gonna quote it,
and you’re going to cite it, you have to make sure that you
always put it into quotations so to indicate that the words
are somebody else’s words and they’re not your own. Another form of plagiarism also could be is if you were working on an assignment, let’s say that you and
one of your classmates got together and you decided to work on an assignment together,
and two of you worked on this assignment, you ended up basically with the same answers,
and then the two of you turned these in as two
separate assignments. Okay, that’s also considered plagiarism because really and truthfully the work was not of that individual person. If it was not a group project,
and you handed in each as an individual, that’s
now considered plagiarism because you were copying
from each other, okay? So that would be a violation
also of our academic integrity. Okay, another classic one, of course, would be cheating, okay? And this is a big one that
we always have to come across is cheating, and what
happens in cheating … I didn’t give those out as yet. What happens in cheating
is when you misrepresent that you have mastered some
sort of academic exercise when you have not, okay? So cheating, and examples
of cheating, of course, would be if you’re taking
a test and you copy off of somebody else, okay? You’re copying off the person
sitting next to you, okay? That’s considered cheating,
and that’s a violation of our academic integrity policy. If, let’s say, the person
sitting next to you says to you, you know what? We’re having a test
today, and I didn’t study for the test; can I
copy off of your paper? And what would you say? What would you say? I’d hope you’d say no, right? I hope everybody would
say no, but let’s say you decided to say yes. If you did say yes, you’re in violation of the academic integrity policy. So even if you allow
somebody to copy off of you, that’s considered a violation of our academic integrity policy. So you have to be aware of these things because again, you don’t wanna be accused of violating academic integrity. Also, let’s say that you’re taking a test or even if you’re maybe
listening to a lecture or you’re doing an assignment in class, and you take out a notebook,
or you take out a cellphone, or something that’s not
allowed in that class. Okay, that’s also
considered cheating, okay? If it’s not allowed in the
class, and you take out and you use something,
some sort of device, a notebook, or if you bring to class little cheat notes, little crib
note sheets with you, okay? Any of that can be construed
or can be considered academic dishonesty and a violation of our academic integrity policy. Okay, another one, one last
one that we’ll talk about, another violation, would be
academic misconduct, okay? So academic misconduct
basically is, let’s say, for example, that you have a
test and it’s a Scantron test, and when you get the
test back, you find out that you answered question
number two incorrectly. Maybe you put C when it
really should have been D. And so you say to yourself, you know what? I think I’m gonna erase
off C, change it to D, and then give it back to my instructor and ask them to change my grade, okay? Do you think that’s honest? Is that honest? Is that fair? No, so that’s another
violation of our academic integrity policy, okay? Another example of academic
misconduct would be, let’s say that you get access to
a test that hasn’t been given out as yet, and you
say to all your friends that are in your class, I have the test, and you pass out the test, okay? That would also be an example
of academic misconduct, okay? Another thing could be, let’s
say that your instructor passes around a sign-in
sheet for attendance, and your friend says to
you, can you do me a favor and sign my name for attendance, okay? If you’re accused of that,
you have basically violated the academic integrity policy
of Queensborough, okay? So what could happen, what
could be the consequences of violating our academic
integrity policy, okay? So, the first one I think you get an idea because that big F is up there, okay? So the consequences when you’re accused of violating any of our
academic integrity policies, it’s always at the discretion
of the instructor, okay? So one of the things that the instructor can do is, an instructor can give you an F for that particular assignment or exam that you were maybe caught cheating or handing in somebody else’s paper, anything along those lines. The instructor has a
right to give you an F for that particular assignment, okay? And just think about it; if
you get an F on an assignment, how is that going to
affect your grade overall within the semester, okay? So that’s not something that you wanna have happen in the classroom. Or, based upon how severe is the cheating or the violation of academic integrity, your instructor can also give you an F for the entire class, okay? So that’s not something,
you sit in to a class for 15 weeks, again, you’re
attempting to learn something and you’re gonna end up getting
an F for the entire class. That’s not something that
you wanna have, also. In addition, they can
also bring disciplinary action against you, okay? So they can report you;
part of a violation is, a record is maintained or is reported to the Office of Student Affairs, okay? And based upon it, again, they can bring discipline action against you. So I sit on a committee called the Student Disciplinary Committee, and
that’s one of the things that we hear on this
committee, is sometimes if any students are accused of violating our academic integrity
policy, okay, they have to go through a hearing
process and so forth, and that is where disciplinary
action could be taking place. And then also, if you’re
a repeat offender, so that’s why they keep
a record in the Office of Student Affairs, a record is maintained in Student Affairs, and if
you’re a repeat offender, so if you’re cheating in
one class more than once, or if you’re cheating
in more than one class, what the consequences
could be is you could be suspended from school. And keep in mind, if you’re suspended from a city university college, you’re suspended from
all of city university. So don’t think that you
can go to another college. People were saying, we come to school because, what, it was a good price. Well then you’re not gonna be able to go to another city university
because they won’t accept you if you’ve been suspended. And of course, depending
on how severe the case is, you can also be expelled, okay? You could also be
expelled from the school. Okay, so those are things that we wanna be aware of because we
really don’t wanna have any problems as far as violating
our academic integrity. So what I wanna talk about
next is what you can do, what type of proactive
strategies that you can do so that you never have a
problem, that you never do violate academic
integrity or even be accused of violating any of our
academic integrity policies. Okay, so the first thing
is you should understand the importance of academic integrity, so I would applaud all of you
that are sitting here today because I would say the
fact that you came here to hear this lecture is
that you took the first proactive strategy, okay? ‘Cause you wanna understand
what is academic integrity and how important it is, okay? So that’s the first thing
you wanna do; you wanna understand what it is,
and if anybody wanted to read up on it anymore,
as I told you before, you can go to the website,
the Queensborough website, you could just type it in your
search, academic integrity, and the academic integrity
policy will come up, and you can read it on your
own if you wanted to read it. Okay, another proactive
strategy that you wanna have in place is that you should
be aware of the rules, okay? So the rules that I have in my classroom may be different than the
rules that another professor has in their classroom,
so you should always be aware of each one of your professors and what are their classroom rules. So the first place you should really look if you wanted to know what
the classroom rules are, you should look at the
course syllabus, okay? So a lot of professors, they
will indicate their rules on the course syllabus, okay? Or their course outline, okay? They’re gonna explain
to you what the rules are for their particular classroom. So what some of those rules could be: now, if it’s not on there,
we’ll talk a second later about how you’re supposed
to ask questions, but what some of the
rules should be or what you should be aware of
is, what can I bring to the classroom, okay? Can I have my cellphone
out during a lecture? Can I have my cellphone
out during an exam? Can I have my cellphone
out during an assignment? Okay, those are the things
that you wanna know. What are the rules of
this particular classroom? One of the things I
always find in my classes is, I don’t allow people
to use scrap paper during an exam, but
there’ll always be somebody who’ll pull out a piece
of scrap paper, okay? If you’re not sure, ask the professor. Am I allowed to use scrap
paper during an exam? What is your rule? Do you allow it or do you not allow it? Again, should you have your textbooks open during an exam, okay? Some professors may allow you
to, but somebody else may not. So just make sure that you always know what you can and what you cannot do in any particular
classroom that you’re going to be in, and also,
again, if they allow you to use a calculator you should also know what type of calculator you can use, okay? As my students know, I’m specific about the types of calculators
you can bring to class. And you should ask that, okay? Is this the type of calculator? Can I use this type of calculator? Okay, another thing you
should do is develop good study habits, okay? ‘Cause if you develop good study habits a lot of these problems,
you won’t have to worry about a lot of these
problems, so I’m gonna give out to you later on, I have a handout where I attended a seminar
a couple of weekends ago, where somebody compiled a whole list of good study habits that you should have. And some of the things
that you wanna do is what? You should mainly have
good time management and organizational skills for yourself. You should keep regular study hours, okay? Know when you’re going to study. You should set goals for yourself, especially when you’re
starting to do your homework, especially accounting homework. Or even accounting and math;
I always put them together. Even if you’re doing math homework, set goals for yourself:
I’ll do X number of problems maybe today; I’ll do some
other problems another day. But always set goals for yourself so you have good study habits there. You should always write
down when you’re given your homework assignments or whatever your assignment may be, you should always write it
down in your notebook, okay? So this way you’ll know
what the assignment is, and you’re not gonna
come to class unprepared, and then maybe you feel that maybe I have to cheat off of somebody
else when I get to the class. You should also what? Take notes in every single class. That’s also part of
having a good study habit, is always take notes in your class so you can refer back to your notes, okay? And try to keep your notes neat so that you can easily understand
them when you go back and you wanna refer back to them. Another proactive strategy
is don’t be afraid to ask for help, okay? Never be afraid to ask for help. So if you are having
difficulty with any topic in your class, every professor
except maybe some adjuncts, but just about every
professor has an office hour. Go to their office hour and
speak to your instructor, and ask them to help you. Go there with a specific
problem and ask them to help you with whatever it is that you’re having difficulty with, okay? If you can’t make it to their office hour, everybody has email; you
can email them, okay? My students are forever
emailing me homework problems. I have no problem with it;
they send me an email problem, they email me the problem,
I discuss it with them and write it back to
them, and give them help on how to work out the particular problem. So you can email your
instructors if you need to. Another great thing where
you can go to get help is the tutoring center, okay? So I don’t know if everybody in here is aware of it, but we have
a tutoring center on campus, and it’s free, so technically
you paid for it already when you paid your tuition,
you paid your student activity fees, but for
you to walk in there, you could walk in during
anytime that they’re open. They’re open in the evening,
they’re open on weekends, and you can go in there and you
can get free tutoring, okay? So there’s tutoring in
business, there’s tutoring in foreign languages,
there’s tutoring in nursing. In just about every
subject they have available they have tutoring available for you. And then also I know
there’s a separate tutoring center for the math department. Again, that’s free; you can go in there and you can get tutoring. And then also, we know what? A way to avoid plagiarism, plagiarism was when
you’re writing your papers and so forth, we have
a writing center, okay? A writing center that you
can go to that’s free, okay? So never be afraid to go ask for help. Never be embarrassed because
you have to go ask for help because it’s always to your benefit when you’re gonna go to ask for help. Okay, and then another
one is, don’t tolerate any dishonesty among your
fellow students, okay? So I know this is a hard one, but if you do see somebody cheating, okay? It’s really your responsibility
to let somebody know that that person was cheating, okay? So who should you let know? You can let your instructor know. It doesn’t mean you
have to raise your hand and jump up and down in the classroom while it’s taking place. You can come quietly to your
instructor later on, okay? Or come to their office
hour, or send them an email, and just let them know, okay? Because again, you don’t wanna tolerate it because what’s gonna happen? It erodes, what? Those five
values that we’re talking about. Because if somebody else is cheating, then the fairness is gone, okay? We no longer have that
fairness that’s in there when the grading is going to take place. All right, so those are just some of our proactive strategies. And then I wanna say to
you, well, why is this all important, why is
this important to us? Why do we have academic
integrity policies, and if you go to any other college, or if you go to their
website you would find that they would have an
academic integrity policy, too. Okay, so the first thing,
which I’d mentioned to you before, it’s unfair, okay? If you are going to cheat on a test or cheat on an assignment, it’s unfair to the student who didn’t cheat, okay? It’s unfair to the student
who actually sat in there and put in the time to study. So the number one thing is that it’s going to be unfair, because what? That other person, the person who cheated, in a sense, their grade
is going to be enhanced but it’s not really going to be reflecting what they understand, okay? So we know that it’s going to be unfair. The second thing is that it
violates that trust, okay? There’s always that trust; as I told you, there’s that trust between the
instructor and the student. If you’re cheating, then
that trust is gone, okay? And it actually violates
us having that trust between each other. And then the most important thing is that it undermines your learning, okay? So the whole idea is what? You came into college
basically to learn something. You came in here to get a degree. So if you’re cheating or if
somebody else is cheating, you’re not really learning
what you came in here for, and basically it stunts
your learning, okay? Because you’re sitting in a class, you’re trying to learn something, but if you’re gonna cheat, are
you really learning anything? No, you’re not really learning or taking what you came here for, so
it’s gonna stunt your learning. Also, it’s gonna diminish the
value of your education, okay? So if people think if you
go out into the workforce and you come from a college
where maybe it’s known that people cheat at this
college, then the value of your degree is not
going to be as important as it was if you were in
someplace where we know that the academic integrity
policy is followed strictly. And if you think about
it, when you go on from when you graduate from
here, you would hope to go on and work in the business world, and there have been
studies that have shown that people who cheat in school, you learn all your values basically, what? From your growing up,
your life, going to school and so forth, and those
values that you learn, you basically bring
them into the workforce. And it’s been shown that
people who maybe were not very ethical in
school years are usually going to be the same people
that we see don’t have ethics when they come out into the work world. When you come out into
the work world, again, people are looking for people
that have those five values. They’re looking for
somebody who’s trustworthy. They’re looking for somebody
who is honest, okay? They’re looking for somebody
who is responsible, okay? So if you have a background where you know that you’re not having
all those key values, you may not always be as
successful in the work world as you would like to be, okay? So let me just jump quickly. If we look at some of the
people in the news, okay? Look at some people in the
news who are unethical, we know we had Lance Armstrong, okay? So Lance Armstrong, what? He won what? Seven Tour de Frances it
was or something like that? And everybody was cheering
him and behind him, okay? But what did we find out? What did we find out about him? Was he really this great
winner that we thought he was? No, he wasn’t, okay? Because he was unethical, okay? So I can’t prove it,
but I bet you he cheated while he was in school, okay? Because these people
basically they carry it over. And it disgraced him,
so this is what he may look like today, okay? Back there he was happy, okay? And he was cheering, but today, okay? He’s not that happy because what? He lacked trust, lacked honesty, and I have to say he had no
respect for himself, okay? To do something like
that, that’s definitely a lack of respect. If we take it from the business world, the most famous one we always know in the business world is, who’s that? Everybody know who that is? Yeah, Bernie Madoff, what did he do? His Ponzi scheme, right? What did he do? He told people that he
was making money for them, he took their money, okay? And he wasn’t really investing it the way he was supposed to be investing it, okay? So that’s another way,
again, we see we don’t wanna have dishonest people; we
don’t really even wanna work with dishonest people
because we don’t know what that effect is going to be. We said what? We wanna have that trust, and that trust is built from working with people that are honest. So what I want you to take away from here basically is that you should
know you wanna maintain for yourself, you wanna
maintain those values that you learned, that are the basis of our academic integrity and you also want to
maintain academic integrity whenever you’re in a classroom, okay? So just always remember
those proactive strategies that you wanna keep or use, so this way you yourself can always be maintaining your academic integrity, okay? Thank you. (audience applauds) – Okay, if you have any
questions you can come on down and ask the professor,
so we hope to see you all next month on the 24th, April
24th, on email etiquette. So sign up for it on the website. And hope everybody has a great afternoon. Thanks for coming again.

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